Homeowner Equity and Wealth Accumulation
National homeowner equity grew in the fourth quarter of 2020 by $1.5 Trillion or 16.2% year-over-year based on a CoreLogic analysis. The study was done on the six out of ten homeowners who have mortgages on their home.
The fourth quarter of 2020 also saw the number of mortgaged residential homes with negative equity decrease by 8% from the third quarter. Compared to the same quarter in 2019, negative equity decreased by 21%.
Equity is defined as the value of the home less the mortgage owed. Negative equity means that the homeowner's debt is more than the value of the home. Appreciation is the dynamic that is moving homeowner's equity to the positive position.
On a national basis, according to National Association of REALTORS®, annual price growth for the last ten years has been 6.4%. In the last five years, it has grown at 7.3% annually. According to the CoreLogic Home Price Index, home prices in December 2020 were up 9.2% from the year before.
Frank Nothaft, Chief Economist for CoreLogic, is quoted as saying "the amount of home equity for the average homeowner with a mortgage is more than $200,000."
Equity in a home is a significant component of net worth. The latest Survey of Consumer Finances reports the median homeowner has 40 times the household wealth of a renter: $254,000 compared to $6,270. According to the 2019 Survey of Consumer Finances by First American, housing wealth was the single biggest contributor to the increase in net worth across all income groups.
The study also concluded that housing wealth represented nearly 75% of total assets of the lowest income households. For homeowners in the mid-range of income, it represented 50-65% of total assets and 34% of total assets for the highest income households.Renters do not benefit from the appreciation of housing or the amortization of the mortgage which are significant contributors to home equity that results in net worth.